Dental Tourism – Austria

Austria's Conwy Castle

Country Profile

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty when the vast majority of the country was a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Today, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. The capital and largest city is Vienna. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world and has developed a high standard of living and in 2014 was ranked 21st in the world for its Human Development Index. Although Austria is cold in the winter (−10 – 0 °C), summer temperatures can be relatively high, with average temperatures in the mid-20's and a highest temperature of 40.5 °C (105 °F) in August 2013. Austrian German is Austria's official language and is spoken natively by 88.6% of the population.

National Demographic

Austrians are a homogeneous people, although four decades of strong immigration have significantly changed the composition of the population of Austria. According to the 2001 population census, 88.6% are native German speakers (96% Austro-Bavarian dialects and 4% Alemanic dialects) while the remaining 11.4% speak several minority languages. The non-German speakers of Austria can be divided into two groups: traditional minorities, who are related to territories formerly part of the Habsburg Monarchy, and new minorities, resulting from recent immigration.

Only three numerically significant traditional minority groups exist – 14,000 Carinthian Slovenes  in Austrian Carinthia (south central Austria) and about 25,000 Croats and 20,000 Hungarians in Burgenland (on the Hungarian border). The Slovenes (also called 'Windischer') form a closely knit community. The present boundaries of Austria, once the center of the Habsburg Empire that constituted the second-largest state in Europe, were established in accordance with the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. 

Telecommunications

The telephone system is highly developed and efficient. Fibre-optic coverage is extensive, although it remains very expensive. A full range of telephone and Internet services are available via the network. Austria has 15 satellite earth stations. Additionally, there are around 600 very-small-aperture terminals (VSATs) (2007).

The Austrian mobile phone market is highly competitive, with some of the lowest rates in Europe. Due to the geographical structures of Austria (mountains, flat lands, lakes) many providers use it as a "testing range" for new services. Mobile number portability was introduced in 2008, allowing users to retain their mobile phone numbers when switching between network operators. The original area codes allocated to each operator can no longer be used to determine the network with which a subscriber is registered. The Austrian broadband market is dominated by the DSL providers, which rapidly overtook cable as the preferred access method. However, mobile services employing UMTS/HSDPA and LTE are rapidly gaining ground due to fierce market competition. SDSL and optical fiber access is also available.

English Literacy

The standard of education in Austria is very high, so pretty well all schoolchildren get a solid grounding in English. So you should have no trouble at all getting by using English, particularly in hotels, stores, restaurants and other places used to dealing with foreign tourists.

The locals are sadly aware of the deficiencies of the UK, USA and other countries when it comes to foreign languages, so you’re unlikely to offend anyone by addressing them in English. Indeed, you’ll find people eager to practice their English on you – you may have some trouble with that if you’re actually trying to practice your German.

School System

Education is an essential success factor for the social and economic future of a country. The Federal Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture has competence for the entire educational system of general and vocational schools, from compulsory schooling until completion of secondary level 2 and for all University Colleges of Teacher Education (Pädagogische Hochschulen) in Austria. Adult education and life-long learning are also parts of its responsibilities.

The Republic of Austria enjoys a free and public school system. Nine years of education are mandatory. Schools offer a series of vocational-technical and university tracks that involve one to four additional years of education beyond the minimum mandatory level. 

Higher Education

The Matura (school-leaving examination) is the prerequisite for higher education (university, academy, technical university, college). Qualified school-leavers from intermediate vocational schools or qualified apprentices can prepare for university entrance by way of the vocational qualifying examination (Berufsreifeprüfung or Berufsmatura). Qualified school-leavers from junior secondary schools (Hauptschule) or pupils who have dropped out can do so by way of the study entitlement examination (Studienberechtigungsprüfung). 

In Austria there is a variety of course options in technical studies, humanities, arts and other fields of study. Technical universities offer practical training, facilitating direct access to a profession. Higher education colleges (pädagogische Hochschule) offer training for teachers at primary schools, secondary schools, special schools and polytechnic schools.

Medical Education

Austria has been quite well known for providing excellent MBBS education to students coming from across the world. The MBBS curriculum in Austria has been designed so as to make students understand the patient centric problems in detail and learn how to cure them. Whether the students wish to become a general practitioner or general surgeon, the MBBS course will help him achieve his dream. Admission to the MBBS program in Austria doesn’t require any entrance test to be cleared. However, there are some universities that conduct specific admission tests. Also, if the international student wishes to get instructed in English medium, then he will have to produce an IELTS score.

The Dentistry Profession

The Austrian Dental Chamber is the professional representation of all dental practitioners (dentists) in Austria. All members of the Austrian Dental Chamber are corresponding to one of the nine regional dental chambers (Landeszahnärztekammern), which have mostly autonomy on finances, staff and contracts. The Austrian Dental Chamber is assigned to look after and to advance the common economic, professional and social interests of its members and also cares for the protection of professional ethics and duties.

Because of this generally official task the Austrian Dental Chamber has many responsibilities to act on the competence of her own behalf and on the transferred competence (on behalf of the state).

Getting There for Dental Care

Travelling to Austria by air couldn't be easier. With an average direct flying time of only 2 hours from most major UK gateways to a choice of popular Austrian destinations, flights to Austria are probably the quickest, easiest, and most cost effective travel option. Vienna International Airport (VIE) is the ideal gateway between East and West.

Visitor Highlights

Small, landlocked Austria offers alpine scenery, world-class museums, cobbled quaintness, and Wiener schnitzel. Unlike Germany, its industrious neighbor to the northwest, Austria is content to bask in its good living and elegant, opulent past as the former head of one of Europe's grandest empires. Austrians tend to be relaxed, gregarious people who love the outdoors as much as a good cup of coffee in a café.

Despite its small size, Austria has a long-established international reputation, which is why most visitors arrive with heads full of Habsburg, Mozart and Alpine visions. Austria also has a few surprises up its sleeve in the form of contemporary art, cutting-edge architecture and innovative cuisine. Austria is remarkably safe and clean, it offers plenty of affordable culture, natural beauty and elegant Baroque and neoclassical architecture, as well as an efficient public transport system. More than anything, Austria is a place to recline, relax and relish. Its natural beauty is the result of many millennia of natural activity and its grand art, architecture and culture was painstakingly created by many hands over many centuries. These aren’t sights to be hurriedly ticked off a list; allow yourself plenty of time to luxuriate.

 

 

 

RFERENCES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria

https://www.ricksteves.com/europe/austria

http://www.worldtravelguide.net/austria

http://www.austria.info/uk/service-facts/getting-there-around/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Austria

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telecommunications_in_Austria

http://www.visitingvienna.com/visitorinfo/languages-do-they-speak-english-in-vienna/

http://www.austria.org/education/

http://www.migration.gv.at/en/living-and-working-in-austria/children-and-education/educational-systems/

http://www.studyeurope.in/austria/study-medicine/

http://www.zahnaerztekammer.at/englisch/